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Between 1820 and 1865, about 3,700 African Americans sailed from Virginia to make a new home on the West Coast of Africa. Some thrived and became leaders of Liberia, the first independent republic in Africa. The American Colonization Society sponsored this migration nationally. The Society's voluminous records at the Library of Congress contain information illuminating the lives of free and enslaved black Americans in the United States and Africa. This project focuses on Virginia, the state with the most support for colonization and the largest number of black emigrants. The heart of the project is a database with two searchable tables. The Emigrants table (nearly 3700) contains--when available--full names, ages, family relationships, place of origin and destination, literacy, occupation, and more. The Emancipators table includes county, year of emancipations, and other information on more than two hundred Virginians who manumitted emigrants to Liberia. Other resources include stories of some emigrants and emancipators, related primary sources, a timeline of relevant events and documents between 1787 and 1866, links to related research websites and news of Liberia today. Together, the information contained here facilitates deeper research into African American genealogy and history. ... [according to site editor's information]
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